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Orforglipron: A New Miracle Weight Loss Drug?

In the world of weight loss medications, there’s exciting news to celebrate! Eli Lilly, the esteemed pharmaceutical company, has unveiled its latest innovation in the fight against excess weight—Orforglipron. This groundbreaking weight loss drug joins the ranks of Eli Lilly’s successful offerings, Ozempic and Wegovy. What sets Orforglipron apart is its non-peptide drug formulation, which means you can say goodbye to injections and hello to a convenient once-daily pill.

Similar to its predecessors, Orforglipron operates as a GLP-1 agonist, tapping into the power of the GLP-1 hormone. This hormone plays a pivotal role in regulating blood sugar levels, amplifying insulin secretion, and curbing appetite. By activating the GLP-1 receptors, Orforglipron assists individuals in their weight loss journey by promoting feelings of fullness, reducing calorie intake, and potentially leading to sustainable weight reduction.

One of the most significant advantages of Orforglipron is its non-peptide drug formulation. This means that instead of injections, you can simply take a pill each day, making weight loss more accessible and convenient for individuals seeking effective treatments. No more needles, no more hassles—just a small, easy-to-swallow pill that fits seamlessly into your daily routine.


A group of doctors talking

Orforglipron Clinical Phase 2 Trial Data

In phase 2 clinical trials, researchers examined the effects of Orforglipron, a nonpeptide GLP-1 receptor agonist, on weight reduction. The trial included 272 adults with obesity or overweight individuals with at least one weight-related coexisting condition but without diabetes. The participants were randomly assigned to receive Orforglipron at one of four doses (12, 24, 36, or 45 mg) or a placebo once daily for 36 weeks. The primary endpoint was the percentage change in body weight at week 26, and the secondary endpoint was assessed at week 36.

The results of the trial revealed significant weight reduction with Orforglipron compared to the placebo group. At week 26, the mean change from baseline in body weight ranged from −8.6% to −12.6% across the Orforglipron dose cohorts, while it was −2.0% in the placebo group. Similarly, at week 36, the mean change ranged from −9.4% to −14.7% with Orforglipron and was −2.3% with placebo. Notably, a weight reduction of at least 10% by week 36 was observed in 46% to 75% of the participants who received Orforglipron, compared to only 9% in the placebo group. Furthermore, Orforglipron led to improvements in various weight-related and cardiometabolic measures that were predefined for assessment.

Regarding safety, the most common adverse events reported with Orforglipron were mild to moderate gastrointestinal events, primarily occurring during dose escalation. Approximately 10% to 17% of participants across the different dose cohorts discontinued Orforglipron due to these events. Nevertheless, the safety profile of Orforglipron was consistent with other GLP-1 receptor agonists.


A doctor next to a graphic of a stomach

Orforglipron Mechanism of Action (How It Works)

As a glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonist (GLP-1RA), Orforglipron offers several beneficial effects on the body. By acting on the GLP-1 receptors, Orforglipron enhances the release of insulin from the pancreas. This mechanism helps regulate blood sugar levels by increasing the number of insulin-producing beta cells and reducing the release of glucagon, a hormone that elevates blood sugar levels.

Furthermore, Orforglipron supports weight loss efforts through multiple mechanisms. It slows down the movement of food from the stomach into the small intestine, a process known as peristalsis. This results in increased feelings of fullness and decreased food intake. Additionally, in the liver, Orforglipron reduces the production of blood sugar (glucose) and fat content, contributing to improved metabolic balance.

In addition to its effects on blood sugar regulation and weight management, Orforglipron offers benefits for heart health. It increases the secretion of natriuretic peptides, which are vital in maintaining cardiovascular homeostasis or balance. These peptides play a role in regulating blood pressure, fluid balance, and overall heart function, contributing to improved heart health.

Moreover, Orforglipron may have positive effects on cognitive function. It helps protect against nerve damage and enhances the transmission of nerve signals in the brain. These actions can potentially lead to improved cognitive function and overall brain health.

A man weighing two options

Orforglipron Vs Semaglutide 

Although both of these drugs are GLP-1 agonists, there are some key differences between them. Below we will break down these two drugs based on administration, efficacy, and cost. 


Administration of Semaglutide vs Orforglipron

The largest difference between these two weight loss drugs lies in the administration. Whereas Semaglutide has been heralded for its ease of use, once weekly injections, many patients are still uncomfortable with the idea of giving themselves a jab. 

As semaglutide is a peptide-like formula, it cannot survive passage through the intestinal tract, meaning its only option for administration is by injection.

Because of its non-peptide formulation, Orforglipron is able to be administered in a once-daily pill form. Our trypanophobic patients can rest easy knowing that Orforglipron offers itself as a jab-free weight loss solution. 


Weight Loss Results of Semaglutide Vs Orforglipron

In clinical studies, Semaglutide showed a weight loss reduction of 14.9% in a 68-week period. Whereas Orforglipron showed a similar reduction in weight of 9.4%-14.7% in just 36 weeks. This means that Orforglipron is just as, if not more effective than its predecessor semaglutide.

However, it should be noted that the study performed on semaglutide was noticeably larger, with almost 2,000 participants compared to 272 in the Orforglipron study. For more conclusive data, more clinical trials are required


Cost Comparison of Orforglipron and Semaglutide. 

Currently, no cost information is available regarding Orforglipron as it has been yet to be released on the market. However, sources report that it is expected to be much less expensive than semaglutide. 

This is good news for many overweight patients as the current uninsured price of semagultide can be upwards of $900 for a month’s supply



Orforglipron, the new non-peptide GLP-1 receptor agonist developed by Eli Lilly, holds significant promise as a breakthrough weight loss drug. Its convenient once-daily pill form eliminates the need for injections, providing a more accessible and hassle-free treatment option. Clinical trial results have shown notable weight reduction with Orforglipron, ranging from 9.4% to 14.7% within a 36-week period. The drug’s mechanisms of action, including appetite suppression, improved insulin release, and metabolic balance, contribute to its effectiveness in promoting weight loss.


While Orforglipron holds promise as a new miracle weight loss drug, it’s important to approach it with realistic expectations and recognize that individual responses may vary. Continued research and ongoing development in the field of weight management medications offer hope for those seeking effective and safe solutions in their weight loss journeys.

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